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Effect of Childbearing on Filipino Women’s Work Hours and Earnings


Adair, Linda S.; Guilkey, David K.; Bisgrove, Eilene Z.; & Gultiano, Socorro (2002). Effect of Childbearing on Filipino Women's Work Hours and Earnings. Journal of Population Economics, 15(4), 625-645.


The effects of childbearing and work sector on women's hours and earnings in the 8 years following an index pregnancy were examined in a cohort of more than 2,000 women in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Change in cash earnings and hours worked were each modeled jointly with sector of labor force participation using an estimation strategy that deals with endogeneity of childbearing decisions and selectivity into sector of work. Two or more additional children born in the 8 year interval significantly reduced women's earnings, while having an additional child under 2 years of age in 1991 reduced hours worked.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Population Economics


Adair, Linda S.
Guilkey, David K.
Bisgrove, Eilene Z.
Gultiano, Socorro