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Coconut Oil Predicts a Beneficial Lipid Profile in Pre-Menopausal Women in the Philippines

Citation

Feranil, Alan B.; Duazo, Paulita L.; Kuzawa, Christopher W.; & Adair, Linda S. (2011). Coconut Oil Predicts a Beneficial Lipid Profile in Pre-Menopausal Women in the Philippines. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 20(2), 190-195. PMCID: PMC3146349

Abstract

Coconut oil is a common edible oil in many countries, and there is mixed evidence for its effects on lipid profiles and cardiovascular disease risk. Here we examine the association between coconut oil consumption and lipid profiles in a cohort of 1,839 Filipino women (age 35-69 years) participating in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, a community based study in Metropolitan Cebu. Coconut oil intake was estimated using the mean of two 24-hour dietary recalls (9.5±8.9 grams). Lipid profiles were measured in morning plasma samples collected after an overnight fast. Linear regression models were used to estimate the association between coconut oil intake and each plasma lipid outcome after adjusting for total energy intake, age, body mass index (BMI), number of pregnancies, education, menopausal status, household assets and urban residency. Dietary coconut oil intake was positively associated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol especially among pre-menopausal women, suggesting that coconut oil intake is associated with beneficial lipid profiles. Coconut oil consumption was not significantly associated with low density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglyceride values. The relationship of coconut oil to cholesterol profiles needs further study in populations in which coconut oil consumption is common.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2011

Journal Title

Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Author(s)

Feranil, Alan B.
Duazo, Paulita L.
Kuzawa, Christopher W.
Adair, Linda S.

PMCID

PMC3146349