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How Overweight and Obesity Relate to the Development of Functional Limitations among Filipino Women

Citation

Adair, Linda S.; Duazo, Paulita; & Borja, Judith B. (2018). How Overweight and Obesity Relate to the Development of Functional Limitations among Filipino Women. Geriatrics, 3(4), 63. PMCID: PMC6233880

Abstract

As life expectancy and obesity increase in low and middle-income countries, the relationship of weight status to functional outcomes in older adults in these settings requires attention. We examined how overweight (BMI > 25 kg/m2), obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2), and high waist circumference (WC > 80 cm) related to grip strength, timed up-and-go, and development of limitations in mobility, activities of daily living (ADL), and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among Filipino women. We analyzed data from seven rounds of the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (1994, n = 2279 to 2015, n = 1568, age 49–78 years) to examine how women’s reports of functional limitations related to their prior WC, and how their grip strength and timed up-and-go related to concurrently measured overweight and obesity, adjusted for age, socioeconomic status, and urbanicity. High WC was associated with higher odds of subsequent mobility and IADL limitations. Chronic disease morbidity (sum of self-reported arthritis, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer) fully mediated the association of high WC with ADL and IADL limitations, but not physical/mobility limitations. Longer up-and-go times, and higher grip strength were related to overweight and obesity. Results emphasize the need for obesity prevention to reduce chronic diseases and maintain good functional status as women age.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3040063

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2018

Journal Title

Geriatrics

Author(s)

Adair, Linda S.
Duazo, Paulita
Borja, Judith B.

PMCID

PMC6233880