CitationGuilkey, David K.; Popkin, Barry M.; Akin, John S.; & Wong, Emelita L. (1989). Prenatal Care and Pregnancy Outcome in the Philippines. Journal of Development Economics, 30, 241-272.
AbstractThis paper examines the direct and indirect effects of patterns of prenatal care usage on birth weight and gestational age for a randomly selected sample of 3,080 rural and urban women. We analyze indirect effects of prenatal care on intermediate maternal factors (nutritional, stress, smoking, and drinking), then the impacts of these factors along with prenatal care on pregnancy outcome. The simultaneous equations statistical approach corrects for endogeneity of prenatal care and the intermediate maternal factors. Results of simulations of the effects of changes in the number of prenatal visits on intermediate and health outcome factors have important policy implications.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of Development Economics
Author(s)Guilkey, David K.
Popkin, Barry M.
Akin, John S.
Wong, Emelita L.