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Biological Determinants of Pregnancy Weight Gain in a Filipino Population


Siega-Riz, Anna Maria & Adair, Linda S. (1993). Biological Determinants of Pregnancy Weight Gain in a Filipino Population. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(3), 365-372.


Patterns of pregnancy weight gain and predictors of first trimester and total weight gain were investigated in a sample of 1367 women from Cebu, Philippines, with pregnancy intervals of <2 y. The mean total weight gain based on actual measurements of prepregnant weight was 8.4 kg. Controlling for gestational week when weight was measured, multivariate-regression models predicted higher first trimester weight gain with higher parity, lower prepregnant body mass index (BMI), and longer nonpregnant intervals. Higher total weight gain was associated with longer nonpregnant intervals, lower prepregnant BMI, taller maternal stature, and relatively high dietary energy intakes. Lactation into the third trimester of pregnancy and maternal age over 35 y had significant negative effects on total weight gain. Given the importance of maternal weight gain in predicting birth outcome, this study provides information on modifiable risk factors that should be considered when developing maternal-infant health policy and programs.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition


Siega-Riz, Anna Maria
Adair, Linda S.